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高一教案 第769期
发布时间:2019-11-11

2019-2020学年度第11期总第769期
Proposed law puts homework to bed (P2)
山西省灵石县第一中学 任立琴

I. Free-talk
Do you have these experiences?
yawn/fall asleep/nod off
copy other's homework; search for the answers on the internet 

Reasons for these experiences:
too much homework

II. Read for general information
The article is mainly about a regulation draft published by Zhejiang province on cutting student workloads.

What is the writing style of the article?
A. Narrative
B. Exposition
C. Argumentation

III. Read for details
1. Why was the law proposed?
Many students are stressed out by excessive  workloads.

2. What is one of the guidelines?
It grants primary school pupils the right to leave their homework unfinished after 9 pm, and junior high school students after 10 pm, with parents’ approval.

leave+sb/sth+done的结构,done作宾补;right此处为名词,意为“权利”

exercise:
1. He got up late and hurried to his office, leaving the breakfast________ (touch).
2. We shouldn’t leave such important tasks _______(finish).

3. What are people’s attitudes toward it?
It has started a fierce debate. Children in Zhejiang will likely welcome the move, while parents express strong objections.

4. What is the aim of the guideline?
The aim of this guideline, as the Education Department of Zhejiang explained,  is to take differences among students into full consideration and make sure they get sufficient (充足的) sleep.
释义:浙江省教育厅解释说该方针的目的充分考虑学生之间的差异性,并确保他们有充足的睡眠。

exercise:
Please make sure____ you turn off all the lights before leaving.
Please make sure_________(turn off ) all the lights before leaving.
Please make sure ___ the time of the meeting.

5. According to Chu Zhaohui, is the guideline practical? 
He doubted it. Even if schools make changes, it’s difficult to change the pursuit of scores in a test-oriented educational environment. It would make better sense to change the system of college admissions.

IV. Post-reading

Complete the structure map of this article.
 

V. Discussion

Will you welcome the guideline?
pros:
too much homework will
damage eyesight;
be bad for the back;
give students more pressure;
lead to less free time...

cons:
poor academic performance;
hard to meet the demands of gaokao;
spoil the students ...

VI. language focus
Words
1.紧张的,有压力的
2.引起激烈的争论
3.突出,使显眼
4.小学生
5.......的权利
6.强烈反对
7.......的原因
8.给某人提供某物
9.充分考虑
10.确定,确保
11.即使
12.有道理,行得通
13.占(百分比等)

Sentence
If schools reduce homework assignments, “the parents, who want their children to stand out from their peers and score higher, must provide them with more after-school training,” Zhang Yi, a primary school teacher in Hangzhou, told Beijing Youth Daily.
分析:该句的主干为the parents must provide them with more after-school training, who引导非限制性定语从句。引号外, if 引导条件状语从句。    
释义:杭州一位小学教师张毅告诉北京青年日报说:“如果学校减少作业量,家长想让自己的孩子在同伴中脱颖而出并取得高分,必须给他们提供更多的课外训练。”

VII. further information

2019-2020学年度第11期总第769期
Skiing across a continent (P4-5)
河北师大附中  赵乃平

I. Lead-in  
What do you know about Antarctica?
Can you imagine setting foot on Antarctica?

II. Skimming  
The article is mainly about the longest-ever solo trek across Antarctica.

III. Scanning  
  Two attempts to travel across Antarctica
 
 


How will Wen cross the continent?
skis, sled carrying necessities, airplane providing emergency assistance

What will he do while crossing the continent?
He will collect research samples. 

What is his purpose?
He hopes to show the impact of global warming and raise the public awareness of caring for the environment we are living in. 

What preparations did he make for this trek? 
He made a long-distance trip in Tibet this year.
He trekked across Greenland in September last year.
He managed to climb Mount Qomolangma 3 times in 2007, 2012 and 2018 for scientific research.

How will Wen's trek be recorded?
The shooting team will follow him through the whole journey.
He himself will record the lonely journey using a camera.
 
IV. Summary  
      Wen Xu, a young Chinese explorer will make the longest _______ trek across Antarctica. it will take him 80-85 days to _______ 2,000 kilometers.
    He will cross the continent on ____, dragging all his necessities. Airplanes will be ________  to provide emergency ________.
   During the trek, he will ________ research samples and show the _______ of global warming.
    His trek will be recorded by a shooting team to make a documentary _______.

V. Language focus
It took him 53 days to cover about 1,500 kilometers.
译:他用了53天的时间走完了大约1500公里。
  cover 走完(路程), 包含,涉及,报道
翻译:
It would not be easy to cover 10 miles on that amount of petrol.
As we’ve seen, oceans cover more than 70% of the earth.
The talks are expected to cover other topics, too.
The journalist covered the latest news about the war.

Airplanes will be available to provide emergency assistance.
译:飞机将提供紧急援助。
  available 生效的, 有效的, 可供使用的, 有空的
翻译:
The swimming pool is available only in summer. 
The Prime Minister was not available for comment. 
The round-trip ticket is available for two months.
 

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